Biden signed into CHIPS Act to encourage greater domestic production of microchips and other semiconductor materials and devices, in part through a new investment tax credit.
The CHIPS bill, short for Creating Helpful Incentives to Produce Semiconductors for America Act, would provide $54 billion in grants for semiconductor manufacturing and research, tens of billions to support regional technology hubs and a tax credit covering 25% of investments in semiconductor manufacturing through 2026.
Eligible taxpayers could elect to treat the credit as a payment against tax and the credit provision includes various special rules. Eligible taxpayers are those not designated a "foreign entity of concern" broadly, certain deemed foreign security threats under a previous defense authorization act or whose conduct is administratively ruled detrimental to U.S. national security or foreign policy.
Qualified property is tangible property with respect to which (1) depreciation or amortization is allowable; which is (2) constructed, reconstructed, or erected by the taxpayer or acquired by the taxpayer if the original use of the property commences by the taxpayer; and (3) is integral to the operation of the advanced manufacturing facility. Qualified property can also include a building or portion of one or certain structural components of it. An advanced manufacturing facility is one with a primary purpose of manufacturing semiconductors or semiconductor manufacturing equipment.
Please see the article published by Journal of Accountancy for further detail (a link provided below).